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Digital counterpublics are challenging mainstream discourses of Muslims in Europe

Digital counterpublics are challenging mainstream discourses of Muslims in Europe

Two young German Muslims are using online platforms to engage with the public on their own terms. The website muslime.tv and blog Ein Fremdwoerterbuch both illustrate the main features of counterpublics: documenting feelings of exclusion and misrepresentations by the mainstream public, circulation of alternative identity images, and criticism of mainstream public discourses. These spaces are increasingly needed, Asmaa Soliman finds, with every new incident or discourse that puts Muslims’ place in Europe into question....

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Turkish Minorities in Communist Bulgaria

Turkish Minorities in Communist Bulgaria

(…) It was now the autumn of 1985, my fifth visit to Sofia. As on previous visits, I had arrived by train from Romania. Guillermo again met me at the door of the Grand Hotel. „We must hurry, Robby. Nikolai Todorov, the Vice President of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Director of the Institute of Balkan Studies, is waiting for you.“ I had returned to Sofia on account of disturbing reports.  The Communist authorities were forcing 900,000 people, 10 percent of the country’s population, to change their names. The people affected were all ethnic Turks, the human residue of Turkey’s 500-year-long subjugation of Bulgaria. Every „Mehmet“ was made to become a „Mikhail,“ and so on. It usually happened in the middle of the night. The rumble of army half-tracks and the blinding glare of searchlights would disturb the sleep of an ethnic Turkish village. Militiamen would then burst into every home and thrust a photocopied form in front of the man of the house, in which he...

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